eINDIA 2012 :: A case study for utilizing cloud as a future for Government

eINDIA Track: eGov

Title of Paper: A case study for utilizing cloud as a future for Government

Author Name: Gnana Seelan
Email: mgseelan@cdac.in
Designation: Project Engineer
Organization: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
Address:  JNTU Campus, Kukatpally, Hderabad, India
Zip: 500086

Co-Author 1:
Author Name: Gnana Seelan
Email: mgseelan@cdac.in
Organization: Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
Address: JNTU Campus, Kukatpally, Hderabad, India
Zip:500086

Co-Author 2:
Author Name: Ch A S Murty
Designation: PTO
Email: chasmurty@cdac.in
Organization: Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
Address: JNTU Campus, Kukatpally, Hderabad, India
Zip:500086

Abstract:

Cloud services represent a growing paradigm shift in the requirement of the IT development of on-demand access to the service to computing, data and software utilities, an illustration technology of unlimited resources, and a usage-based service provider model where users essentially “hire” virtual resources and satisfy the provider for what they use. Abstraction of these cloud services are concatenated and virtualized data centers that provide virtual machine (VM) containers hosting computation and applications from a large numbers of distributed users. It is expected in the near future that cloud platforms and services will play a critical role in academic, government and industry sectors, and will thus have widespread social impact. The main goal for cloud environment is to provide the physics, chemistry, Inorganic, Biotechnology, weather forecasting, Medical science, Health information, Information security, Data center, and engineering communities with the opportunity to leverage highly-scalable cloud computing platforms to conduct research and education activities in cloud computing and data-intensive computing, and their applications. “Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.” As of characteristics they are On-demand self-service, Broad network access, Resource pooling, Rapid elasticity and Measured service. In other hand the service models are Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). In terms of deployment models they are of Private Cloud, Community Cloud, Public Cloud, and Hybrid Cloud [2]. The service models and deployment models of cloud technology offer the most appreciable contents of the cloud definition and we spent some time accept the concepts here: Many organizations already use IaaS when they outsource network management, other infrastructure level outsourcing. IaaS is the most basic service and usually includes shared network services, firewall management and storage. Virtual servers are often included with limited management. Other hand moving up to platform level outsourcing enables organizations to outsource entire systems up through the operating system, database and application middle ware. Next level is Platform as a Service (PaaS) , platform services include server management, network management, back-up and other core IT functions that are more efficiently provided in 3rd party facilities. Uses include development environment, web server hosting and other shared application libraries to enable clients to rapidly accelerate deployment of services. The final step in the cloud is Software as a Service in the value chain is full application outsourcing to include data management. A good example of this would be outsourcing virtual desktops, email, and payroll or moving Customer Relationship Management from 3rd party. [2] The level of service provider responsibility defines the benefit available from each service. When implemented effectively, the SaaS model has compelling benefits. Not only does the organization reduce internal operating costs but it shifts responsibility for the inevitable issues that arise. Those long nights of solving IT problems become the responsibly of the service provider. Since the service provider typically shares both the facilities and staff resources across a number of organization operations, the cost benefits are compelling. However, the potential benefits are not limited to cost alone and depend on the following benefits : Scalability, Flexibility, Performance, Extensibility, Reliability, and Security. [2] Security in cloud is still a question of solution. The migration to cloud services is in the early stages of this phase of IT maturity. Early success with outsourced infrastructure services combine with a flood of software services being offered is accelerating the adoption. The mobile platforms are the early adopters for shared web applications because organizations can move more quickly towards productive use of smart phones. When customers or staff Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) to work or to your business, cloud infrastructure starts its inevitable creep into your environment. Many IT executives have called this the “Post – Firewall” generation of application hosting and data services. A recent survey reported that an application developed on an iPad, was not controlled by the company, on an airplane broadband network with no firewall and access to a critical application that had little control by the company. Essentially, a critical sales or purchase management function with sensitive client data was being performed with little or no control by the organization today. The dramatic improvement in efficiency, cost reduction and scalability will drive adoption of cloud services into every environment.[2] In this regards Indian government is moving to adopt the Cloud faster than the large enterprise segment. Some state governments are already consuming services from others through this model and there is potential to employ Cloud computing for things like sharing SDCs. Obviously, thanks to the sensitive nature of information handled by the government and data residency issues, the private Cloud is going to be the preferred option for this sector. Governments in BRICS are extremely active participants in the Cloud ecosystem. The government of India is actively promoting Cloud computing through the construction of various test beds and the launch of multiple Cloud service initiatives such as e-governance, Cloud grids etc.,[3] There are obvious challenges ahead of the government agencies that include adopting the right strategy for business continuity, identifying platforms, security, auditing and logging, data recovery, low IT maturity and high resistance to change, multiplicity of agencies involved in the implementation, longer procurement cycles and, most importantly, regulatory compliance. There is a need to develop a legal framework and risk management program. Considering the large investments required for setting up Cloud computing infrastructure, it is likely that some vendors may not be from the domestic market. In this context, issues such as security in the Cloud computing context and the potential liability arising out of security breaches in the Cloud may need to be addressed.[3] In our paper we are explaining the benefits of cloud implementation for government in terms of e-Governance starting from central, state, district, and at last the village level wher ICT is formed by the government. The major aspects of the government moving to towards the evolving cloud technologies are to save national expenditure. 50 to 70% of our money is moving towards outward for the critical infrastructure to overcome all government moving towards cloud environment. Hence, it is necessity for government to understand the underlined technologies of cloud and its security in terms of resource. We are highlighting all the consideration such as Data Protection, Identity Management and Access Controls, Flexible Access Methods, Log Management, Trust, Network Isolation, Availability, Compliance Management, Incident Response and E-discovery and Security Program Governance are briefly in the paper.

Brief Biodata of Presenter:

Gnana Seelan , working as Project Engineer, Interested areas are Information Security, Grid, cloud and cluster environment, Network and Security.

Other Details: Interest in Wireless sensor network and Open source Plate forms.

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